Recently a client asked me to build a marble Omeya column with its capital and base, in 34 years that I have as marble craftsman this is the first Omeya column I am creating. Marble is so pure and beautiful that the pass of the centuries does not affect it. The original Omeya column was built in the X century and it is still admired.
This marble column is being made from a client photo and which we have brought the details to create the capital and the based with Macael white marble. So this time, I researched a bit more about this Islamic era in Andalusia, Spain and I have wanted to share with you this fascinating legend of a civilization that had its own personality in the Iberian Peninsula.
Photo from the client Omeya base made by us
Al-Andalus means land of Vandals. That was the name of the Muslim occupation area in the Iberian Peninsula in the Omeya period, which lasted from the eighth century until the late fifteenth and became a great part of Spanish territory. This Muslim civilization was in: the Maghreb, Spain, and even from Italy and France during the eighth century and it acrosses North Africa.
Eight emirs ruled from 756-929 on a bright cultural time. Abderrahman III decided to establish a caliphate, declaring himself Amir al-Mu’minin (prince of the faithful) who had the earthly power, spiritual power conferred on the umma (community of believers).
This caliph and his successor al-Hakam II supported the ethnic-cultural integration among Berbers, Arabs, Hispanics and Jews. Both pact with the Christians and many buildings were built as the Mosque of Cordoba and they maintained business contacts with Baghdad, France, Tunisia, Morocco, Byzantium, Italy, and even Germany.
The three most representative constructions in the Omeya art in Spain are the Mosque of Cordoba, Medina Azahara Palace and the Mosque of Cristo de la Luz (Toledo).
Mosque of Cordoba:
Located in Córdoba, Spain, built in the Emirate and Caliphate of Cordoba during the ninth and tenth centuries, the first stage of construction was a harmonious living with 11 ships with 110 marble columns and granite with Roman and Byzantine capitals.
Medina Azahara Palace:
The city – palace of Medina Azahara, 7 kilometers from Córdoba was built by order of Caliph Abderrahman III in the tenth century (between 936 and 976). Urban and residential complex was built with arches, spiers, colonnades, walls, floors covered the vast majority with Macael white marble.
Christ of the Light mosque:
Located in Toledo, Spain and it was built in 999 at the end of the Caliphate period. It has four marble columns with Visigoths capitals, which support nine domes of different styles.
Finally, I invite you to watch the next video where I will show you the Omeya column construction process which was made with Macael white marble and it is 100% handmade.